Some Facts About African Elephant

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You probably knew that the African elephant is the largest land animal on the planet, but did you know that there are actually two species of African elephants? One is called Savannah elephant (scientific name Loxodonta africana) and the other is forest elephant (scientific name Loxodonta cyclotis). Keep reading to learn more about African elephants.

The two elephant species are geographically separated; the Savannah elephant inhabits mainly the grasslands of Eastern and southern Africa, while the forest elephant inhabits the jungles of central and western Africa.

Elephant feet

The elephant’s foot is unique. Take a look at the photo below and you will see a big pillow inside, where the elephant’s heels are located. It is true that the largest mammal on Earth walks in high heels.

The elephant toes (phalanges) rest on a cartilaginous fat pad. That is why elephants leave almost no footprints – the weight of the animal is evenly. It also helps you to walk very calmly!

Elephant Toes: How many are there here?

It was recently discovered that elephants actually have a sixth toe. This structure was seen 300 year ago, but discarded as cartilaginous.

This extra toe (5 to 10 cm) is hidden in the fat pad of the elephant’s foot and points back. On the hind legs it is larger and more articulated. The researchers found that the extra figure is formed as cartilage and slowly turns into bone as the elephant increases in size. When the animal becomes heavier, this sock provides additional support, such as a paw extender that prevents the pad from breaking.

What is the weight of an elephant?

We all know that elephants are the largest land mammals. But the question about the weight of an elephant is not easy to answer because its weight and Size vary geographically and are also very different individually.

Fully grown male elephants reach an average of 10 feet, and some reach 13 feet in height. Their average weight is 11, 000 and the maximum is 13, 200. Elephant cows (females) are much smaller, their average height is 8.2 feet and their average weight is 6,6000.

Elephant teeth or elephant teeth?

Elephant tusks are essentially teeth. However, the protection of elephants is different from that of other mammals. While in most mammals, the defense is an enlarged tusk, the elephant’s defense is an enlarged posterior incisor that develops continuously.

Do female elephants have tusks?

Yes! Female elephants have tusks, but they are significantly smaller than males (on average, seven times lighter. However, many elephants do not have tusks at all! The helpless elephants in Africa are mostly female.

You probably knew that the African elephant is the largest land animal on the planet, but did you know that there are actually two species of African elephants? One is called Savannah elephant (scientific name Loxodonta africana) and the other is forest elephant (scientific name Loxodonta cyclotis). Keep reading to learn more about African elephants.

The two elephant species are geographically separated; the Savannah elephant inhabits mainly the grasslands of Eastern and southern Africa, while the forest elephant inhabits the jungles of central and western Africa.

But things are more difficult with tusks if we are talking about Asian elephants. Only a few males have enlarged fangs, and most males and some females have small fangs (called tusks). They are really small, visible only an inch or two from the lip line.

The “silent” sounds of an elephant

Elephants have four main vocalizations that humans can hear: a rumbling, a trumpet sound, a squeal and a howl. But they also emit a wide range of other sounds!

Some sounds are so quiet that humans can’t hear them, even when we’re right next to them. These calls occur beyond the human ear, in what is known as infrasound.

The study found that the reason they sound so quiet is simply because of their larynx (vocal cords). People can hear the sound in the range of 20 to 20, 000 Hz. Forest elephants emit sounds up to 5 Hz, while Savannah elephants’ frequencies range from 14 to 20 Hz. These low-frequency sounds produced by elephants spread over long distances. Depending on the weather, the range covered by the elephants’ message varies from 30 square kilometer to a whopping 300 square kilometer (11.5 to 115 square miles). It is also believed that you can use the fat pads on your feet to pick up the sounds that other elephants make when walking on the ground.

Using the Elephant trunk

Elephants( (Loxodonta africana) in the Shimba Hills Nature Reserve. The reserve covers 19,000 hectares and is the largest coastal forest left in Kenya. THe main threats to the freshwater in Shimba Hills are deforestation, due to the over-population of elephants, and the extraction of freshwater from boreholes for mining titanium whcih cause water levels to drop.

Perhaps the most striking feature of the elephant is its trunk. The elephant trunk is the nose that has become the fifth limb – the most important limb in an elephant’s life. It is used for an incredible variety of tasks, from the use of brute force to extremely complex and precise tasks. The most important thing is that it is used for eating and drinking. The elephant cannot reach the ground with its mouth, so all the food is collected with the trunk first. You can not drink water from the floor with your mouth. It should be inhaled into the tube first, and then blown into the mouth.

The elephant trunk can scratch its itchy eye, make threatening gestures, greet loved ones, pet babies, throw objects, hang tall leaves on a tree, sense peril, use tools such as a stick to scratch its back, take a shower and sprinkle dirt on its delicate skin, and can even be used as a diving tube.

In addition, the fuselage is also used as a resonance chamber to amplify sounds. There are two finger-like sponges at the end of the trunk, covered with fine hairs that can lift small objects, but they are so powerful that they can be used to lift whole trees.

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